Saturday, July 20, 2013

Land Rover Range Rover Sport, 2014

  •  Land Rover Range Rover Sport, 2014

The all-new Land Rover Range Rover Sport has been designed to capture the distinctive DNA of its predecessor, but with a bold evolution which has placed it firmly at the heart of the marque's striking new three-model portfolio between the Range Rover and the Evoque.

Range Rover Sport occupies a unique position within its segment, and the new model builds on those core strengths with a design which confirms its status as the definitive premium Sports SUV. With its 'faster' windscreen angle, streamlined profile and sloping roofline, the new Sport is 8 percent more aerodynamic than the previous model and achieves a drag figure of Cd 0.34.

While it was developed alongside the Range Rover and shares some commonality with its sister vehicle, the all-new Range Rover Sport benefits from 75 percent unique parts, a significant number of which directly influence the way the new Sport looks and feels.

Bold and progressive exterior design
The dynamic new Range Rover Sport has a bold and progressive exterior design which positions the vehicle confidently within the latest Range Rover line-up. With a fresh interpretation of the current model's strong design DNA, the new vehicle has a sleek and contemporary appearance, with its sloping roofline offering a distinctive sporting character.

The new Sport is just 62mm longer than its predecessor, yet at 4850mm, it is shorter than other 7-seater SUVs and most E segment sedans, bringing greater manoeuvrability and ease of parking. However, a significantly longer wheelbase (increased by 178mm) provides greater room and improved access for rear passengers. The new Sport is 149mm shorter and 55mm lower than the new Range Rover on which it is based and model-for-model weighs 45kg less.

Exciting new interpretations of Range Rover Sport design cues include the signature clamshell bonnet, floating roof and side fender vents. The vehicle also features bold new versions of the powerful wheel arch graphic, horizontal body feature lines and distinctive rocker mouldings which are key elements of the model's strong DNA.

While retaining the powerful Range Rover Sport character, the front end has a more modern, streamlined appearance, with its slimmer lights, rearward sloping grille and more sculpted corners.

Eye-catching details
Eye-catching design details serve to emphasise the new Range Rover Sport's more dynamic and contemporary character. The side fender vents are executed with a more dynamic, sloping treatment. Matching twin vents are executed in the bonnet, enhancing the powerful and sporting character of the vehicle.

Designers have also continued the classic Range Rover Sport two-bar theme, reflected in the twin strakes on the fender vents, the two bar front grille, and the twin lines in the tail lamp graphics.

Near-flush side glazing, combined with a premium gloss black finish to the pillars, enhance the bold Range Rover Sport floating roof graphic - which can be highlighted with three contrast roof colours of grey, black or silver - while also emphasising the more streamlined form of the body. Brembo brake calipers finished in red and a Black Pack, which removes all brightwork from the exterior, are also available to create a more bespoke appearance.

At the front, the large outboard air intakes and bold trapezoidal shapes housing the central bumper beam and skid plate send out a strong, high performance message. The same trapezoidal theme is repeated at the rear, with the skid plate flanked by large twin exhaust outlets.

The front lamps continue the bold evolution of the Sport, with highly distinctive LED signature graphics which feature a new distinctive graphic. The slimmer design creates a more aggressive, technical appearance.

At the rear, the lamps have a more compact treatment with a striking new design that uses LED technology. The main tail and stop lamps echo the headlamps' distinctive design language, while the direction indicators use a new interpretation of the 'twin line' graphic from the current model.

Both front and rear lamps flow round into the shoulders of the body with the distinctive tapering blade graphic featured on the other vehicles in the latest Range Rover portfolio.

Modern, luxurious interior with a strong sporting character
The interior has a sophisticated and modern appearance, incorporating distinctive Range Rover Sport design cues and providing the driver with a luxurious and sporting cockpit. For the new model, the strong, architectural forms of the design have been enhanced by a cleaner, purer surface treatment, beautifully executed using top quality materials.

Building on the signature Range Rover Sport interior architecture, the centrepiece of the cabin is the bold intersection between the strong horizontal elements of the instrument panel and the vertical lines of the centre stack. The dynamic character of the cockpit is enhanced by the faster angle of the centre stack, with its striking satin chrome pillars which flow from the instrument panel through into the rear cabin and the aluminium accents that flow from the centre console into the fascia.

The centre console is mounted higher, positioning the controls closer to the driver and creating a more cocooning sensation for the front occupants. This cocooning feel is emphasised by the strong visual graphic of the fascia mid-section trim accents linking to the doors, and surrounding the occupants with a band of contrasting colour.

The sporting ambience of the interior is also reflected in the smaller diameter, thicker rimmed steering wheel, vertical gear shifter and seats with more generous side bolsters.

The front and rear seats feature a more sculptured design with enhanced padding to the front and individual seating in the second row. Special attention has been given to providing increased rear seat comfort, offering improved rear legroom (+24mm knee room) and shoulder-room, plus the choice of 60/40 or 40/20/40 split rear seats and the option of powered third row occasional 5+2 'secret' seating (which folds away into the floor) for enhanced versatility.

Superior materials, superior craftsmanship
Every new Range Rover Sport is crafted using the highest quality materials, with carefully selected colours and textures to enhance the model's unique blend of luxury with a distinctive sporting character. The use of more technical finishes and veneers gives the cabin a more dynamic and contemporary feel.

Material quality has been raised to a new level, with more luxurious soft-touch surfaces in key touch points around the cabin, such as the fascia mid-section.

Luxurious soft-touch surfaces are offset by authentic metal details which are cool to the touch and stunning to look at. These include the striking satin chrome pillars each side of the centre stack with an immaculate noble plated finish, and the choice of distinctive aluminium finishes on the centre console, fascia ends and door trims.

The obsession with quality and traditional craftsmanship can be seen in the beautifully tailored twin-needle stitching used to finish the sumptuous leather seats and leather-wrapped interior surfaces. The impeccable stitching is specified precisely by Range Rover experts, from the length and direction of the stitching, to the spin, thickness and material of the thread. Even the size and shape of the needle is defined, to guarantee the highest quality finish.

Individual choice for discerning customers
To maximise personalisation, the new Sport offers even more individual choice for customers to enable them to create their own bespoke vehicle, with an outstanding selection of colour themes and finishes.

An expanded choice of special features includes innovations such as colour-themed interiors with duo or tri-tone designs, a stunning range of factory fitted alloy wheels from 19- and 20-inch (one design each) to 21-inch (five designs) and up to 22-inches (two designs) in diameter including the iconic "Viper's Nest" wheel available for the first time across all Range Rover models.

The features extend from striking design elements like a gloss black grille and exterior details, body-coloured bumpers and side sills, and unique interior colour themes and finishes, to performance items such as a Vmax uplift to 250km/h / 155mph [5.0 S/C], special 21- and 22-inch alloy wheels, and red Brembo brake calipers.

The full range of design options available to Range Rover Sport:
  •     11 interior colour themes, plus additional choice of seat colour
  •     4 aluminium interior finishes, 3 real wood veneers
  •     3 headliner colours
  •     19 exterior paint finishes
  •     3 contrast roof colours - Corris Grey, Santorini Black or Indus Silver
  •     9 alloy wheel designs, on 19-, 20-, 21- and 22-inch
  •     Atlas Silver, Dark Atlas or Gloss Black finish for the exterior accents
  •     Illuminated tread plates

The all-new Range Rover Sport marks a significant step forward for the model, adopting advanced lightweight vehicle technologies and new powertrains from the highly acclaimed new Range Rover, to transform the driving experience for customers seeking the ultimate premium sports SUV.

The unprecedented investment in premium technologies has reinforced the Range Rover Sport's unique proposition in the SUV segment, delivering significantly improved on-road handling with enhanced capability in challenging off-road conditions.

Connected on-road dynamics
The new Range Rover Sport has been engineered to deliver dramatically improved on-road driving dynamics, with more connected and agile handling complemented by enhanced ride and refinement.

The vehicle's state-of-the-art aluminium monocoque platform - engineered in parallel with the new Range Rover - is 39 percent lighter than the previous model's steel semi-monocoque plus chassis frame design, leading to significantly improved agility and performance.

This new stiff and light structure is supported by an all-new lightweight front and rear suspension concept, which has been designed to deliver a much broader range of dynamic capabilities across all terrains.

An all-new steering system, totally re-engineered four-corner air suspension, and the latest chassis and stability technologies - including upgraded Dynamic Response and Adaptive Dynamics systems - also contribute to the step change in ability.

The advanced vehicle specification, together with meticulous tuning by vehicle dynamics specialists has enabled the new Sport to provide an engaging and responsive driving character, while being composed and confident in all conditions.

Its on-road dynamics are characterised by lighter, more direct steering, with increased handling agility and reduced body roll delivering flatter, more confident cornering. Ride comfort and refinement have also been improved, delivering enhanced bump absorption and a more effortless, supple feel.

State-of-the-art lightweight suspension
Underpinning the enhanced driving capability of the new Range Rover Sport is a state-of-the-art new lightweight suspension. The result of an extensive Land Rover research programme to identify a next-generation suspension concept for premium AWD vehicles, the new systems use a clean sheet design engineered to deliver best-in-class vehicle dynamics.

Primarily constructed from lightweight aluminium components, the suspension is fully-independent and double isolated, with wide-spaced double-wishbones at the front and an advanced multi-link layout at the rear.

The new suspension system delivers class-leading wheel travel - with 260mm of movement at the front and 272mm at the rear, compared to less than 200mm for most competitor vehicles - providing exceptional wheel articulation and composure to deal with the toughest conditions.

The lightweight chassis architecture is combined with a next-generation four-corner air suspension to optimise the vehicle's versatility both on- and off-road. The air springs now offer variable ride height (+35mm and +65mm, rather than a single +55mm position on the previous model), which delivers 10mm increased maximum suspension lift (up to 50km/h) and are also cross-linked for maximum axle articulation.

The fifth-generation air suspension system provides up to 115mm of regular movement, from the lowest setting 'access height' (now 10mm lower at 50mm for easier entry and exit) to the standard off-road height. An automatic extension (triggered by sensors) and a manually selected extension, both raise the Sport by 35mm, giving a total movement range of 185mm.

To achieve superior performance, both in terms of ride quality and the ability to change swiftly between different ride heights, the air suspension hardware has been completely re-engineered. Ride quality has been improved through the fitment of new low-hysteresis front air springs, which are able to absorb small irregularities much more effectively. The springs use a thinner, suppler material, which is protected by a metal casing.

Advanced technologies enhance dynamics
The performance of the suspension systems on the new Sport is enhanced by the use of advanced chassis and vehicle technologies to optimise vehicle dynamics.

More powerful models are equipped with a dedicated Dynamic modein the Terrain Response® 2 system, providing a more sporting bias during enthusiastic on-road driving, with a firmer ride, tighter body control, reduced roll and more responsive steering and performance.

Dynamic mode activates unique calibrations for a wide range of vehicle and chassis systems including the power steering, throttle and transmission responses, damping and lean control, and settings for the traction and stability systems.

To deliver the ultimate sporting driving experience, Dynamic mode is specified in combination with a number of key technologies including Dynamic Response active lean control, a Dynamic Active Rear Locking Differential, and Torque Vectoring by Braking.

Significantly reducing the amount of body lean during cornering,Dynamic Responsetransforms vehicle handling and occupant comfort. A next-generation two channel system, it is capable of controlling the front and rear axles independently, allowing it to be tuned to deliver increased low-speed agility, along with enhanced control and stability at high speed.

The Dynamic Active Rear Locking Differentialfeatures an electronically controlled differential which can vary the degree of lock-up almost instantaneously to further optimise traction, handling and cornering stability. The rear diff reacts 70ms faster than the outgoing car.

Torque Vectoring by Brakinguses the car's brake system to imitate the effect of a torque vectoring differential, constantly balancing the distribution of engine torque between the four wheels during cornering, resulting in improved grip and steering, and a reduced level of understeer.

The system operates using the car's Dynamic Stability Control (DSC) module, and monitors the vehicle 100 times per second. As the car accelerates through a corner, the system uses yaw sensors to detect the beginning of understeer. To reduce understeer, imperceptible levels of braking are used to correct the vehicle attitude, while engine torque is transferred to the outside wheels which have more grip, thus maintaining traction and steering control.

More powerful Sport models are also equipped withAdaptive Dynamics, featuring continuously variable dampers, providing the optimum balance of ride and control by offering infinitely variable damper settings between soft and firm extremes.

The Adaptive Dynamics system monitors vehicle movements at least 500 times a second, reacting to driver or road inputs virtually instantaneously to give greater control and minimise body roll, providing a composed, flat ride.

A key element of the vehicle's agile and engaging character, the all-newElectric Power Assisted Steering (EPAS)system features variable-ratio speed-sensitive assistance. The system has been meticulously tuned for a more responsive, confident and intuitive character. Geared for 3.0 turns lock-to-lock the system provides a faster overall steering ratio, but is slower just around the on-centre position for enhanced stability and control at speed.

Sports Command Driving Position enhances confidence and control
The all-new Range Rover Sport provides drivers with a Sports Command Driving Position (CDP), which combines the supreme sense of confidence and control offered by the Range Rover, but with a more sporting, less upright seating position which is similar to that in the Evoque.

The Sport's CDP offers an elevated and reassuring view of the vehicle's surroundings, and the new model has been carefully developed to retain the excellent visibility over the bonnet which contributes to the unique Range Rover character.

Meticulous development work on the vehicle package and pillar design ensured that the outstanding all-round visibility of the current vehicle has improved. Despite the vehicle's sleeker, more aerodynamic profile, it still offers a seating position which is 50-to-100mm higher than its direct competitors.

In development, like all Range Rovers, the new model was given headroom targets, taking into account provision for off-road head movements, which were rigidly enforced, resulting in more generous headroom, and enhanced clearance during off-road excursions.

Intuitive display technologies
The all-new Range Rover Sport offers the driver an enhanced set of displays and controls, introducing the latest technologies in an elegant, uncluttered layout with state-of-the-art functionality.

For the first time on Range Rover Sport, high series models feature the state-of-the-art 12.3-inch high-resolution display technology for the main instrument pack, as pioneered by the Range Rover. This is accompanied by an 8-inch high-resolution touchscreen display on the centre console for infotainment and secondary functions, with optional Dual View.

The screen graphics on both displays have been ingeniously designed to create the impression of 3D surfaces, beautifully lit and with subtle chrome detailing. Each display is able to adapt its content according to the driving situation - for example, in Dynamic mode, the two primary dials in the 12.3-inch display adopt a sporting red colour scheme, with the current gear position presented prominently between the two dials. The Hybrid model will have its own unique display content, with an easy-to-understand power gauge.

Where the 12.3-inch screen is not specified, vehicles feature sporty twin analogue dials with a central 5-inch colour display.

The new model is the first Range Rover to offer a Head-Up Display, using laser technology for superior clarity and contrast. The colour display projects key vehicle and navigation data directly into the driver's field of vision. The height and brightness of the display can be manually adjusted.

Throughout the cockpit, the control layout has been significantly simplified, with 50 percent fewer switches to deliver class-leading ease-of-use.

The intuitive approach is reflected in the other major controls, such as the perfectly-placed vertical gear shifter, the rotary Terrain Response® 2 control, the simplified Heating, Ventilation and Air Conditioning dials, and the twin five-way toggle switches and auxiliary functions on the steering wheel.

Class-leading off-road capability
Building on Land Rover's legendary history for tackling the toughest climates and road surfaces, the all-new Range Rover Sport has been developed to achieve class-leading all-terrain capability, with supreme composure in all conditions.

Terrain Response® 2 and off-road technologies
The Sport enhances its class-leading status through the introduction of the ground-breaking next-generation version of Land Rover's Terrain Response® system, which takes the capabilities of the award-winning system to a new level.

Developed by a small team of Land Rover specialists, Terrain Response® 2 features an Auto setting which uses sophisticated 'intelligent' systems to analyse the current driving conditions, and automatically select the most suitable terrain programme.

Ensuring that the vehicle is always driving using the optimum mode, the new system is able to switch completely automatically between the five settings: General, Grass/Gravel/Snow, Mud/Ruts, Sand and Rock Crawl. Like all Terrain Response® systems, each setting optimises driveability and traction by adapting the responses of the car's engine, gearbox, centre differential and chassis systems to match the demands of the terrain.

While it functions completely automatically, Terrain Response® 2 will also provide the driver with additional advice, such as when to select low range or the off-road ride height, when the system calculates that it is necessary.

Stuart Frith, Range Rover Sport Chief Programme Engineer, explained: "Land Rover's Terrain Response® 2 enables even non-expert drivers to benefit from the system's full capabilities, confident that the vehicle is automatically configured in the best possible way for each moment of their trip. So however tough the conditions, the Range Rover Sport will be ready to tackle the journey."

Another unique Land Rover innovation, introduced for the first time on the Range Rover Sport, is the newWade Sensing™feature. Wade Sensing™ uses sensors in the door mirrors to provide the driver with information when driving through water, which is particularly beneficial when visibility is poor and at night. A visual display and warning chimes alert the driver as the water level rises around the vehicle.

To complement these innovative features, the new Sport can also be fitted with a unique suite of all-terrain technologies to help maximise performance and safety, including Hill Descent Control (HDC), Gradient Release Control (GRC), Hill Start Assist (HSA), Dynamic Stability Control (DSC), Electronic Traction Control (ETC), and Roll Stability Control (RSC).

The operation of these braking and stability systems is enhanced by the latest Bosch 6-piston brake modulator which delivers faster responses and smoother, quieter and more precise operation.

Full-time intelligent 4WD systems
The new Range Rover Sport offers a choice of two full-time intelligent 4WD systems, each able to find drive on the most challenging low-grip surfaces.

One system provides a two-speed transfer case with low-range option for the most demanding off-road conditions, with a 50/50 percent default front to rear torque split. Optimum traction is maintained through an electronically controlled multi-plate clutch in the centre differential which distributes torque between the wheels at anything between 100 percent front and 100 percent rear. This is combined with sophisticated electronic traction control systems.

The transfer case offers selectable high and low range, using a two-speed fully synchronized 'shift on the move' system which allows the driver to change range from low to high at speeds up to 60km/h without having to stop the vehicle, providing exceptional driving flexibility. The high-range provides a direct drive ratio of 1:1, while the low range ratio is 2.93:1 giving an extremely low crawl speed.

The alternative system is 18kg lighter and features an all-new single-speed transfer case with a Torsen differential and 42/58 percent default front to rear torque split that is designed to provide a rear-wheel drive bias for optimum driving dynamics, whilst maintaining off-road performance. The Torsen centre differential constantly varies torque distribution between 62 percent front and 78 percent rear depending on conditions and grip available. The traction control system has been optimised to work in harmony with the differential to deliver excellent traction in all conditions.

To further optimise traction and stability in extreme conditions, more powerful Sport models are also specified with the Dynamic Active Rear Locking Differential in combination with the twin-speed 4WD driveline. The locking rear differential has been further optimised to work in conjunction with the electronic torque vectoring system.

Engineered for total capability
From the very start of its development process, the all-new Range Rover Sport has been designed and engineered to deliver the incredible breadth of capability for which the marque is famous.

The new body structure was optimised in parallel with that of the new Range Rover, representing the most extensive optimisation process ever undertaken by Land Rover. This involved unprecedented use of advanced computer simulation - demanding well over 1000 years of processor time - to deliver outstanding strength and durability, excellent safety and minimum weight.

To analyse the punishing off-road loads which really push a car's structure to its limits, such as the crunching 'ditch drop' impact, engineers turned to the specialised and incredibly powerful simulation tools more typically used to model crash events.

The new Sport features enhanced body geometry for all-terrain conditions, with a smooth underfloor that helps to provide 51mm more ground clearance than its predecessor at 278mm (measured at the off-road ride height) and approach and departure angles of 33 and 31 degrees. The vehicle underfloor has been specially designed to provide a smooth surface, with a smooth transition between suspension components, to reduce susceptibility to damage or interference.

Wading depth has also been improved significantly - an increase of 150mm over the previous model to 850mm - thanks to an innovative air intake system, which draws air between the inner and outer bonnet panels at the sides of the vehicle before it flows down into the engine's intake system.

The re-engineered air suspension system with its new +35mm intermediate setting means that the off-road mode can remain available at much higher speeds (80km/h vs 50km/h) than was possible before, which is valuable in terrain with long, rutted dirt roads.

The all-new suspension offers outstanding wheel articulation, and this is further enhanced when the Dynamic Response active lean control system is fitted. If this system detects off-road conditions, it isolates the stabilizer bar and reduces the level of roll compensation, thus allowing greater wheel articulation and increasing the contact patch with the terrain. When operating in Dynamic Response mode, wheel articulation is a class leading 546mm, compared to typical competitors' offering of less than 450mm.
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Friday, July 19, 2013

Lamborghini Veneno, 2013

  •  Lamborghini Veneno, 2013

In the year of its 50th anniversary Automobili Lamborghini is presenting an extremely exclusive model at the 2013 Geneva Motor Show. Only three unique units of the Lamborghini Veneno will be built and sold. Its design is consistently focused on optimum aerodynamics and cornering stability, giving the Veneno the real dynamic experience of a racing prototype, yet it is fully homologated for the road. With a maximum output of 552 kW / 750 hp, the Lamborghini Veneno accelerates from 0-100 km/h in just 2.8 seconds and the top speed for this street-legal racing car stands at 355 km/h. It is priced at three million Euros plus tax - and all three units have already been sold to customers.

The Lamborghini Veneno features a twelve-cylinder power unit with a displacement of 6.5 liters, an extremely fast-shifting 7-speed ISR transmission with 5 driving modes and permanent all-wheel drive, as well as a racing chassis with pushrod suspension and horizontal spring/damper units. Above all, however, the Veneno benefits from the very special expertise that Automobili Lamborghini possesses in the development and execution of carbon-fiber materials - the complete chassis is produced as a CFRP monocoque, as is the outer skin of this extreme sports car. The inside, too, features innovative, Lamborghini-patented materials such as Forged Composite and CarbonSkin.

Fully in keeping with the tradition of the brand, the name of the Veneno originates from a legendary fighting bull. Veneno is the name of one of the strongest and most aggressive fighting bulls ever. He is also famous for being one of the fastest bulls in the history of bullfighting. His name became popular in 1914, when he fatally wounded the famous torero José Sánchez Rodríguez during the bullfight in the arena Sanlúcar de Barrameda's, Andalusia, Spain.

The Design
The Lamborghini Veneno brings the aerodynamic efficiency of a racing prototype to the road. Every detail of its form pursues a clear function - exceptional dynamics, optimum downforce with minimal drag and perfect cooling of the high-performance engine. Yet the Veneno is unmistakably a Lamborghini; it sticks firmly to the consistent design philosophy of all the super sports cars from Sant'Agata Bolognese. That includes the extreme proportions, as well as the powerfully arrow-shaped front end and the interplay between razor-sharp lines and precise surfaces.

The entire front end of the Lamborghini Veneno has been laid out for perfect airflow and downforce. The front end works as a large aerodynamic wing. Large channels guide the air to the outlets in the front hood and in front of the windshield, as well as to the front wheels. Characteristic for Lamborghini is the Y shape of the angular headlamps that reach well into the fenders as well as the scissor doors.

The division of the fenders from the car body is a reference to the world of sport prototypes and optimizes at the same time the aerodynamic flow. The side line of the Veneno is therefore dominated by enormous sills and the mighty wheel arches front and rear. Here, too, sophisticated aerodynamics ensure perfect airflow to the large openings for engine cooling and intake air.

Just like the front end, the rear of the Lamborghini Veneno has also been optimized for underbody aerodynamics and high speed cornering stability. The smooth underbody transitions into a substantial diffuser framing the four sizable exhaust pipes divided by a splitter to increase the level of downforce peak. Large openings serve to ventilate the engine bay and manage the airflow to the rear wing, with the only sealed area at the rear being reserved for the license plate. The rear lights, including brake lights, indicator lights and fog lights, pick up the Y theme as well. The engine cover sports six wedge-shaped openings, with the focus here, too, on optimum dissipation of heat from the engine. The engine cover extends into a large central "shark" fin, which improves efficiency during braking and rear-end stability, by delivering additional downforce at high yaw angles and thus increasing the high-speed cornering performance.

The adjustable rear wing's design is the product of Motorsport experience and extensive aerodynamic simulation to ensure the best performance of rear wing interaction with rear diffuser air flow.

The exclusive alloy wheels measure 20 inches at the front and 21 inches at the rear and are equipped with center mountings. Their design is also determined by aerodynamic functionality - a carbon-fiber ring around the wheel rim works like a turbine to deliver additional cooling air to the carbon-ceramic brake discs.

The Lamborghini Veneno is painted in an all-new, grey metallic-look color with individual parts gleaming in the black of the visible carbon-fiber structure. The only car to display all three colors of the Italian flag as an accent is the car shown at Geneva, the unit which will remain property of Lamborghini. The three cars sold to customers each feature a single color of the Italian national flag, together a triology in green, white and red accents and thus representing each a unique piece.

The Technology
The Veneno is further proof of Automobili Lamborghini's unique competence in CFRP-based lightweight design. A monocoque made from carbon-fiber reinforced polymer forms the basis of the Veneno. It is largely similar to the Aventador monocoque - as are the aluminum sub-frames front and rear - although its form has been adapted to the new design. All exterior parts are made from CFRP. The Lamborghini Veneno meets all safety and registration requirements worldwide, and naturally also incorporates a full complement of safety systems from airbags through to the adapted ESP handling system.

Carbon fiber dominates the interior of the Lamborghini Veneno, too. The carbon fiber monocoque becomes visible inside the car in the area of the central tunnel and the sills. The two lightweight bucket seats are made from Lamborghini's patented Forged Composite. The woven carbon-fiber CarbonSkin® is used to clad the entire cockpit, part of the seats and the headliner. This unique material is soaked in a very special kind of resin that stabilizes the fiber structure, while allowing the material to remain supple. Like a hi-tech fabric, this extremely fine-looking carbon-fiber matting fits perfectly to any form, and it reduces weight.

The racing personality has been transferred also to the instrument panel. It has been completely redesigned and now, thanks to an aggressive graphics and to the introduction of some additional features like the G-meter, provides all necessary information to the driver for control of the car.

The systematic, carbon-fiber, lightweight design of the Lamborghini Veneno is not only visible, it is also evident on the scales: With a dry weight of just 1,450 kilograms (3,190 pounds), the Veneno is even 125 kilos (275 pounds) lighter than the already extremely lean Aventador. The highly beneficial power-to-weight ratio of 1.93 kg/hp (4,25 lbs/hp) guarantees a performance that is nothing short of mind-blowing. Even the stunning acceleration figure of 2,8 seconds cannot adequately describe it. Despite an aerodynamic setup configured for extreme downforce, the Veneno possesses exceptionally low wind resistance which allows it to reach a top speed of 355 km/h (221 mph).

The twelve-cylinder with a displacement of 6.5 liters is a thrilling combination of absolute high-revving frenzy and phenomenal pulling power. Its output has been raised to 552 kW / 750 hp, facilitated through enlarged intake paths, optimized thermodynamics, a slightly higher rated rpm and an exhaust system with even lower back pressure. The ISR manual gearbox, permanent all-wheel drive and pushrod suspension have all been specifically adjusted to meet the demands of the Lamborghini Veneno.

The Lamborghini Veneno celebrates its first public appearance at the 2013 Geneva Motor Show. The vehicle on show is the number 0, the Lamborghini test vehicle. Its future has not been determined yet, but it will allow Lamborghini to continue its activity of testing and innovation, both on the road and on the race track. The trilogy made of three unique vehicles will be produced in the course of the year 2013 and handed over to their future owners.
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Thursday, July 18, 2013

Kia Cerato, 2014

  •  Kia Cerato, 2014

All-new Kia Cerato, to be called 'K3' in Kia's home market of South Korea, will also boast improved quality, upgraded equipment, a more spacious cabin and a revised engine line-up that delivers class-leading fuel economy.

After going on sale in Korea in late 2012, the all-new Kia Cerato sedan will appear at Kia dealerships in many overseas markets during the first quarter of 2013.

The all-new version of Kia's global best-selling model, the Kia Cerato compact sedan (also known as Forte in some countries), is scheduled to go on sale during the first quarter of 2013 at Kia dealerships in many overseas markets.

Longer, lower and wider than the current car, with an extended wheelbase, the next generation Kia Cerato will be manufactured with an all-new body shell structure.

Featuring futuristic and dynamic styling, the all-new Cerato features a sleeker profile, LED front and rear lamps and a chrome-finished belt line.
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Wednesday, July 17, 2013

Jeep Grand Cherokee SRT, 2014

Jeep Grand Cherokee SRT, 2014

Jeep® Grand Cherokee SRT owners have come to expect - and appreciate - a vehicle that is powerful and refined, luxurious and functional, muscular and stylish. For 2014, Grand Cherokee SRT checks all of those boxes - while also delivering unexpected delights.

Enhancements for the 2014 model year include an all-new, fully electronic eight-speed automatic transmission that delivers improved fuel economy, significantly improved towing capacity, hardware and software revisions that further heighten Jeep Grand Cherokee SRT's fun-to-drive factor during a daily commute or for more spirited driving on the race track.

Outside, the new 2014 Jeep Grand Cherokee SRT sports styling that is even more aggressive than the previous model. Design enhancements for 2014 include a new signature LED character lamp treatment, a brawnier grille, a new, one-touch liftgate and a new rear spoiler.

Inside, Jeep Grand Cherokee SRT customers are treated to a new 8.4-inch touchscreen that displays a wealth of SRT-exclusive Performance Pages data. A new launch control button is situated behind the new T-handle shifter on the center console, and a redesigned SRT-exclusive three-spoke, heated steering wheel with more ergonomically efficient paddle shifters, features a host of comfort, convenience and connectivity controls.

Awe-inspiring powertrain
For 2014, Grand Cherokee SRT owners get three additional gears from their transmission: an all-new 8HP70 eight-speed automatic. Fully electronic, it features on-the-fly shift-map changing.

For an even sportier, more driver-controlled experience, the 8HP70 eight-speed transmission can be manually shifted using newly redesigned, more pronounced, ergonomically efficient steering-wheel paddle controls.

The Jeep Grand Cherokee SRT features a new Eco Mode for 2014 that optimizes the new transmission's shift schedule and extends the range of Fuel Saver Technology, which deactivates four cylinders when conditions allow. A button on the center stack allows driver's to engage Eco Mode for improved fuel economy.

The new eight-speed automatic transmission is specifically engineered to optimize shift quality and shift points for fuel economy, performance and drivability. The intelligent software takes into account variables including engine torque gradients, kick-down events, longitudinal and lateral acceleration, grade changes, friction detection and downshift detection to determine the appropriate shift map.

Additional parameters integrated into the control strategy include vehicle speed control, electronic stability control interaction and temperature. The result is automatic shifting that is ideally attuned to the performance requirements of almost any driving demand.

The new transmission is mated to the proven and powerful 6.4-liter HEMI® V-8 with Fuel Saver Technology delivering 470 horsepower (351 kW) at 6,000 rpm and 465 lb.-ft. (630 N•m) of torque at 4,300 rpm and helps deliver greatly enhanced towing performance of 7,200 pounds - a 44-percent improvement over the 5,000-lb. towing capacity from the previous model.

The new electronic T-handle shifter provides the flexibility for drivers to choose a transmission shift schedule independent from the Selec-Track system. Drive and Sport shifting can be selected via the T-handle with no effect on the chosen suspension, stability control and driveline torque split settings.

Also new for 2014 is a launch control system that mimics a professional driver's inputs to optimize Jeep Grand Cherokee SRT's performance by bringing engine, transmission, driveline, stability control, and suspension in line for a textbook launch. Controlled by a button behind the new T-handle shifter on the center console, the result is improved and more consistent straight-line acceleration. The performance experience of the 2014 Grand Cherokee SRT is further accentuated by a change in transfer case proportioning and dynamic controls for the Selec-Track system when the vehicle is in Track Mode. When this mode is selected, 70 percent of the engine's torque is delivered to the rear wheels for a more pronounced rear-wheel-drive experience. Jeep Grand Cherokee SRT drivers will notice a vehicle that is more responsive from mid-corner to exit.

Outstanding ride, handling and capability
The Grand Cherokee SRT rides on a short- and long-arm (SLA) independent front suspension with coil springs, Bilstein adaptive damping suspension (ADS), upper- and lower-control arms ("A" arms), and a stabilizer bar.

The rear suspension is a multi-link design with coil spring, Bilstein ADS, aluminum lower control arm, independent upper links (tension and camber), plus a separate toe link, and a stabilizer bar.

Software improvements to the retuned Selec-Track system further distinguish the five dynamic modes: Auto, Sport, Tow, Track, and Snow, enabling drivers to choose a vehicle setting that more ideally meets their requirements and ambient conditions. Drivers will find the torque split change in Track Mode provides a vehicle that is more responsive from mid-corner to exit and one that delivers faster lap times at their favorite track.

Benchmark braking
The new 2014 Grand Cherokee SRT delivers excellent braking performance, requiring only 116 feet to come to a full stop from 60 miles per hour (mph). Credit belongs to red-painted, Brembo six-piston (front) and four-piston (rear) calipers, and vented rotors at all four corners measuring 15 inches (front) and 13.8 inches (rear).

Starting with the performance-oriented and functional designs from the SRT (Street and Racing Technology) brand, the 2014 Jeep® Grand Cherokee SRT model builds on that success with new exterior and interior styling cues that convey an even higher level of opulence and power.

"The 2014 Jeep Grand Cherokee SRT raises the bar again for our performance SUV," said Mark Trostle, Head of Design - SRT Brand, Mopar and Motorsports, Chrysler Group LLC. "With an exterior that is even more aggressive while remaining upscale and functional, along with a luxurious interior cabin that offers new technology and connectivity, the new Grand Cherokee SRT remains at home on the road or on the racetrack."

Aggressive and functional exterior
The blending of aggressive, upscale and functional styling of the 2014 Jeep Grand Cherokee SRT is readily apparent up front, where the signature seven-slot upper grille with black screen insert has been shortened and is flanked by slimmer, adaptive, bi-xenon headlamps that are surrounded by a signature LED character lamp treatment. The iconic Jeep grille itself is larger, and the headlamps feature a unique black background to distinguish the new SRT model from other Jeep Grand Cherokee models, while further accenting their jewel-like appearance.

The new styling enhancements also enabled SRT designers to incorporate the headlamp washers into the headlamp housing for the first time - rather than on the bumper - for a cleaner, more functional appearance.

New, five-spoke 20-inch "Goliath" wheels with polished finish are standard and ride on standard Pirelli 295/45ZR20 Scorpion Verde all-season tires or available Pirelli P Zero Three-season tires. Available split five-spoke, 20-inch forged aluminum wheels feature the "Spider Monkey" design in Satin Carbon or SRT-exclusive Black Vapor Chrome finishes.

A new Grand Cherokee badge along the vehicle's sides feature a more distinct, more pronounced font.

The front light treatment of the new 2014 Grand Cherokee SRT is mirrored in back for a cohesive styling appearance and features larger tail lamps with signature LED lighting. To further emphasize the performance heritage of the SRT design, the tail lamps feature a black surround, creating the illusion of floating lamps.

Not an illusion is the all-new, more aerodynamically efficient, rear spoiler integrated into the all-new liftgate.

The new, one-touch liftgate delivers improved customer convenience, and features a new SRT badge that no longer carries the engine cylinder number reference. Rather than relying on a manual lever, the liftgate is operated electronically with the push of a button. For 2014, the flipper glass has been eliminated - greatly enhancing rearward visibility and reducing weight.

Standard 4-inch dual exhaust tips integrated into the lower fascia deliver the throaty exhaust note Jeep Grand Cherokee SRT enthusiasts expect from their vehicle and complete the rear styling cues.

The 2014 Grand Cherokee SRT will be available in the following exterior colors: Billet Silver Metallic Clear Coat, Bright White Clear Coat, Brilliant Black Crystal Pearl Coat, Deep Cherry Red Pearl Coat, Granite Crystal Pearl Coat, Maximum Steel Metallic Clear Coat and Redline Pearl Clear Coat.

Race-inspired and high-performance interior
The 2014 Grand Cherokee SRT delivers an interior that is opulent, functional and ideally suited for daily drives or more spirited performance driving on the track.

A new Uconnect 8.4AN touchscreen takes center stage - literally - and displays a wealth of information including the SRT-exclusive Performance Pages, which cite recent track times, lateral acceleration, 0-60 miles per hour (mph) times and much more. These readouts are displayed in full-color and can now be shared with other SRT enthusiasts via a built-in 3G connection.

On the center console, drivers will find a new T-handle shifter for the new eight-speed transmission that allows the driver to select between Drive and Sport shift schedules. Wrapped in grained leather, this advanced shifter further reinforces the brand's street and racing heritage. Behind the shifter is new launch control button highlighted by a color graphic - similar to the "Christmas tree"-type staging lights from the drag strip.

The standard, SRT-exclusive, leather-wrapped and heated steering wheel with a flat bottom is redesigned with a bevy of new comfort, convenience and connectivity controls and more pronounced and ergonomically efficient paddle shifters.

The new steering wheel is designed and positioned to provide optimal view of the new gauge cluster that now features a 7-inch full-color, customizable instrument display. This new screen allows drivers to select from a multitude of layout and information to be shown in the center of the gauge cluster.

True carbon fiber trim accent sweeps across the driver's door, instrument panel and front passenger door.

The available 825-watt, 19-speaker premium SRT performance audio surround-sound system from Harman Kardon offers world premier innovation, featuring a 32-volt tracking power supply (TPS) 12-channel Class D amplifier that delivers outstanding acoustics and brings multi-dimensional, quality sound for all interior occupants.

GreenEdge speaker and amplifier technology offers superior sound quality and high sound pressure level outputs with minimum energy consumption. GreenEdge amplifiers alone outperform traditional amplifier efficiency by up to 55 percent, representing a net efficiency of more than 90 percent in some cases. The speakers are tuned for maximum efficiency and perfectly matched to the amplifier output.

The system's 19 GreenEdge high-efficiency speakers include nine tweeters, five mid-range speakers, two mid-woofers and three subwoofers located throughout the interior.

The 2014 Grand Cherokee SRT Laguna leather interior is available in two distinctive colors: Torque (black) and a new Sepia combination.

Available as part of the Sepia interior combination, a black Dynamica headliner and black pillars further accentuate SRT's upscale interior appearance.

Enhanced security, convenience and occupant safety
Uconnect Access is all-new to the Jeep Grand Cherokee SRT. Enabled by embedded cellular technology, the system affords direct communication with local 9-1-1 service personnel at the touch of a button - no waiting for go-between call-center operators.

In addition, the 2014 Grand Cherokee SRT showcases advanced safety features from Forward Collision Warning - which alerts the driver to rapidly approaching traffic - to Blind-spot Monitoring and Rear Cross Path detection, which aid drivers when changing lanes or in parking-lot situations.

Quality: Improving the most awarded SUV ever
How do you improve the most awarded SUV ever? The Jeep and SRT teams start by listening to their customers.

Key upgrades for the new 2014 Jeep Grand Cherokee lineup include an eight-speed automatic transmission to improve performance and fuel economy plus the newest Uconnect system that balances advanced technology and connectivity features with easy-to-use controls and voice commands.

From the driver's seat, everything the driver sees, touches - and even speaks to using voice commands - is enhanced to increase function, connectivity and responsiveness. Not only does it work better, it looks better packaged in more premium materials and elegant graphics. This includes a redesigned steering wheel that is optimized for driving position while also providing control buttons for frequently used features like radio, cruise control, phone and voice-activated commands. Customer feedback helped designers and engineers determine the ideal location for fingertip controls so that drivers could comfortably keep their hands on the wheel and eyes on the road.

Another significant interior change for Grand Cherokee is the availability of the new Uconnect Access 8.4AN touchscreen. Connectivity and touchscreens involve rapidly changing technology and ever-increasing consumer expectations - both of which have a significant impact on the overall quality assessment of new vehicles. The Uconnect team constantly evaluates consumer feedback, placing a high priority on designing systems that are intuitive for both tech-savvy customers as well as tech-averse drivers who prefer hard knobs to adjust the climate or radio station.

For the past two years, the Jeep Grand Cherokee has earned the title as the Total Quality leader for the medium-size SUV segment by Strategic Vision. The honor is based on new vehicle owner surveys that holistically assess consumers' good and bad experiences with their new vehicle. Similarly, the Jeep team values all comments from customers - especially feedback that leads to enhanced quality and customer satisfaction.

Manufacturing: Built in Detroit
The new 2014 Jeep Grand Cherokee SRT is built at the 3-million-square-foot Jefferson North Assembly Plant (JNAP) in Detroit, which has been the site of Grand Cherokee production since its introduction in 1992. To meet consumer demand, a third crew of 1,100 workers was added at JNAP in the fourth quarter of 2012.
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Tuesday, July 16, 2013

Hyundai HB20, 2013

  •  Hyundai HB20, 2013

Hyundai Motor Brasil (HMB), a wholly-owned subsidiary of Hyundai Motor Company, launched its long-awaited Brazil-exclusive model, officially entering the biggest and most competitive segment in the country's auto market.

The Hyundai HB20 compact hatchback will be the first model to be produced at Hyundai's fully-owned new plant in Piracicaba, which will officially hold an opening ceremony later this year. Production of the new vehicle will begin on Sept. 20, while sales will begin in early October.

Offering modernity and equipped with the latest technologies to differentiate itself from the competition, all nine versions of the Hyundai HB20 will have a comprehensive package of items offered as standard from entry levels: Hydraulic power steering, dual front airbags, air-conditioning, a spoiler with a built-in brake lights, a rear windshield wiper and storage compartments for all passengers, to name a few. The name "HB" stands for Hyundai Brasil, while the number "20" is the company's characterization for vehicles in this segment, a category that includes models assembled on small or compact vehicle platforms.

Hyundai dedicated approximately five years to develop the new model, which is part of the company's larger regionalization strategy. Dozens of Brazilian and Korean engineers were involved in the project during the conception phase to develop an ideal car that could handle Brazil's typical road conditions, as well as satisfy consumers' emotional needs. Mainly, Hyundai placed great importance on design, taking into account Brazilian consumers' sensitivity to stylish and fuel-efficient cars. HB20, Hyundai's first flex-fuel car, also features advanced anti-theft functions for maximum security.

The Hyundai HB20 is a compact and economical model that is poised to become a benchmark in style due to its flowing lines, excellent finish and the quality of its assembly.

Based on Hyundai's Fluidic Sculpture design philosophy, HB20's external details accentuate the modern and sporting lines of the hatchback. Its high waist-line and rear accentuates its stylishness and exclusivity.

The Hyundai HB20's interior also differentiates itself from competitors with its modernity, sophistication, comfort and practicality. The impressive details and high quality of its finish are immediately noticeable, while chrome, metallic and leather-covered parts are options that enhance the model's stylishness even more. In its search to maximize consumer comfort, the HB20 has achieved some of the lowest noise and vibration levels in its class, while the spacious interior will surprise consumers.

The Powertrain & Transmission
The Hyundai HB20 comes with three powertrains: 1.0L and 1.6L, with a manual gearbox and 1.6L, with automatic transmission.

The vehicle's 5-speed manual gearbox has precise and perfect shifting, providing comfort and a rapid response. The automatic option has four gears, with smooth changing.

All versions are equipped with a flex-fuel engine. The 1.0L model has three cylinders and gains in power due to reduced friction and better energy efficiency, leading to lower fuel consumption, a reduction in pollutant emissions and lower maintenance costs. It is considered to be 6% more powerful than the segment's average. The 1.6L version has four cylinders and emits 23% more power than the segment's average.

The Hyundai HB20 is equipped with a continuous variable valve timing (CVVT), which optimizes the air-fuel mixture both at low and high RPM, leading to improved performance and fuel consumption.

The HB family also have sedan and crossover versions that come to market during 2013. The three models will all be produced at Hyundai's first plant in Brazil. The Piracicaba factory covers 1,390,000 square meters of land, of which 69,000 square meters consist of facilities. The plant is Hyundai's seventh overseas manufacturing base outside South Korea, after Turkey, India, China, the United States, the Czech Republic and Russia. The company invested a total of US$ 600 million in the facilities.

HMB has already hired 1,600 employees with plans to increase the figure to 2,000 by 2013. Hyundai's Piracicaba plant, together with its suppliers, create an additional 3,000 jobs. It will also indirectly generate 20,000 jobs in the region.
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Monday, July 15, 2013

Honda Crosstour Concept, 2013

  •  Honda Crosstour Concept, 2013

Honda unveiled the 2013 Crosstour Concept at the 2012 New York International Auto Show (NYIAS), providing the first official glimpse of a more capable-looking exterior styling direction for the luxurious mid-size CUV. Set to go on sale in fall 2012, the Crosstour's defined lines resonate more clearly with the active consumers that form the largest portion of the premium crossover segment. The 2013 Crosstour V6 feature improved fuel economy thanks to its new 6-speed automatic transmission, while both four-cylinder and V6 versions benefit from a host of safety and visibility upgrades.

Concept Design
The Honda Crosstour Concept features a more capable, SUV-like styling direction for Honda's mid-size crossover. A more aggressive and athletic front end, new contrasting moldings on the lower door garnish, and cleaner front and rear fascias anchored by the rugged look of finished sill plates provide more visual strength to the Crosstour Concept. Adding to the SUV-like stance, a new rear-fender finish helps give the Concept a more solidly planted appearance.

Up front, the new integrated foglamp treatment is complemented by a slotted finish beneath the headlights, which helps integrate the new, bolder grille. The revised tailgate sports a more horizontal design to add visual width to the sculpted lines at the rear of the Crosstour.

The Honda Crosstour Concept is coated in a fresh hue, similar to one of two new shades that will appear on the 2013 Crosstour. Anchoring the Crosstour Concept are unique 5-spoke 19-inch wheels, while the 2013 Honda Crosstour  feature new 18-inch alloy wheels.

Though not on display in the Honda Crosstour Concept, the luxurious interior of the Honda Crosstour will see even further refinement for 2013, including heavily revised trim materials, the addition of an 8-inch, in-dash information display, keyless ignition, and steering-wheel mounted paddle shifters on V6 models.

Advanced and Efficient Powertrains
The Crosstour offer two powertrains for the 2013 model year: a re-engineered and more powerful 3.5-liter, 24-valve, SOHC, i-VTEC V6 engine, or a 2.4-liter i-VTEC inline four-cylinder engine. The 2013 Crosstour V6 models feature a 6-speed automatic transmission and utilize Honda Variable Cylinder Management™ (VCM®) technology to achieve class-leading V6 fuel economy along with an overall improvement in fuel economy compared to the outgoing model. Also available on Crosstour EX-L V6 models is Honda's Real Time 4WDTM system, which sends power to all four wheels when front-wheel slippage is detected.

The four-cylinder Crosstour models are powered by a 2.4-liter, 16-valve DOHC i-VTEC® engine producing 192 horsepower at 7,000 RPM and 162 lb-ft of torque at 4,400 RPM. To maximize efficiency, a 5-speed automatic transmission with Grade Logic Control is standard equipment.

Safety and Technology Innovations
The 2013 Crosstour introduce numerous new safety features, and is targeted to earn top scores in the federal government's New Car Assessment Program (NCAP). The next Crosstour available with Honda's Lane Departure Warning (LDW) and Forward Collision Warning (FCW) technology. Both systems use a camera mounted behind the windshield to alert drivers if the car is moving unexpectedly out of its lane or to warn drivers of a potential collision in front of them.

The 2013 Crosstour provide a host of visibility enhancements, and be one of the first models to receive the Honda-exclusive Lane Watch™ blind-spot display, which uses a camera system mounted on the passenger mirror for an enhanced view of the passenger-side roadway. Standard equipment to further enhance visibility on the 2013 Crosstour also include re-shaped rear headrests, a rearview camera and an ExpandedView Driver's Mirror.

Standard Honda Crosstour convenience features include an automatic dimming rearview mirror, auto-on/off headlights, Bluetooth® HandsFreeLink® and USB audio interface. Other available features on the 2013 Crosstour will include a hard-drive based navigation system, Pandora internet radio interface, XM satellite radio and an SMS text-to-speech function.

Sales, Accolades and Manufacturing History
First launched in 2009, and now available with both V6 and four-cylinder engines, the Crosstour remains one of the most versatile choices in the midsize crossover segment, and earned the distinction of J.D. Power and Associates' "Highest Ranked Midsize Crossover/SUV in Initial Quality" in their 2011 Initial Quality Study SM (IQS). The Crosstour is produced at Honda's East Liberty Auto Plant in East Liberty, Ohio.
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